Importance of Information and Communication Technology

Information and Communication Technology has become one of the major keynotes of success nowadays. If you want to stand out, you must acknowledge the importance of information and communication technology. So, today we will learn about why one must utilize ICT properly and what it can do for us in this 21st century.

Introduction

The global communication system that connects millions of users is becoming hard to ignore. Internet is truly emerging as a powerful medium for obtaining information on a variety of subjects published online. It is perhaps the most useful source for obtaining the latest information, which may otherwise still be a month away to appear in the print form.

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What is the Importance of Information and Communication Technology? 

The Internet has become an important component in academic institutions as it plays a pivotal role in gathering information and communication needs of institutions and individuals. Besides, it has been finding out in the present study that the majority of students (92.30%) have good using internet exposure. 

Why this technology is beneficial

Information has been playing a vital role in the present era. After creating the Internet, it is growing day by day, covering all the fields related to knowledge. It would be helpful for learners to gain information. This modern technology helps us know about the importance of current and accurate information in one’s respected field and how it would be beneficial for their purposes. Does the Internet be allowed as a major source of organized information source for education? Internet, through its open standard, has set the foundation for global communication. It provides access to resources that millions of computer users enjoy today. It is commonly said that any system can prove to be only as good as the manner of its use and its upkeep. The Internet has all the potential of changing the face and dimensions of education and learning.

How much transparency does ICT have?

The use of the Internet will eventually promote the transfer of information, ensuring the better utilization of resource and satisfying the need of clientele across the world. Thus Internet is trying to open a new era of globalization of information with more comprehensive cooperation for resource sharing. The origins of the Internet can be traced to the creation of ARPANET (Advanced Research Project Agency Network) as a network of computers under the auspices of the U.S.

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History of Importance of Information and Communication Technology

It all started from the Department of Defense in 1969. Today the Internet connects millions of computers around the world in a non-hierarchical manner. The Internet is a product of the convergence of media, computers, and telecommunication. It is not merely a technological development but also a product of social and political processes. It involves both the academic world and the government (the department of defence). From its origins in a non-industrial, non-corporate environment and a purely scientific culture, it has quickly diffused into the world of commerce. While the Internet has had a sudden and dramatic impact on the global economic and social order, it took almost 30 years to emerge as a major technological force. The Internet is a combination of several media technologies. And an electronic version of newspapers, magazines, books, catalogues, bulletin boards, and much more. 

Contribution and Importance of Information and Communication Technology

However, it is difficult to make precise predictions about the success of the Internet. That is because of the complicated relationships it has created among technologies, markets, and political systems. Contributing to the development of the Internet was a wide variety of users. They adopted the Internet to communicate among themselves in a semi-private way. Any customs and practices did not bind these users. Still, they initiated a culture of communication that was flexible, quick, unbounded, and non-hierarchical. There was no superior authority in control of the communication system and no standards to govern performance. The Internet has grown dramatically since 1988, although its impact was not felt until about 1995 by mid-2000. And the estimates of the number of connected computers were around 80 million.

Worldwide Initiative for this technology part 1

The government’s approach to technology will provide better public services for less cost. By disaggregating, re-using, optimizing, sharing, and modernizing this technology will improve productivity and efficiency daily. And reduce waste and the likelihood of project failure. This will improve public service provision by streamlining internal government operations and processes. Also, supporting online and offline services for citizens and businesses, and creating channels for collaborating and discussing policy.

The United Nations (U.N.) report ‘Bench-marking e-Government: A Global Perspective’ (UN/ASPA, 2002) presented a global review on e-Government during 2001, concluding that out of 190 UN member states, 88.9% of governments use the Internet in some capacity to deliver information and services for citizens and businesses. More recently, The U.N.’ Global e-Government Readiness Survey’ (UNPAN, 2005) examined more than 50,000 features of e-Government websites used by the 191 UN member states. They did that to assess the development of their e-Government projects. Countries’ investment in I.T. based projects is becoming a big part of their budget expenditure. Reports say that the USA dedicated 13% (around billion $ 52) of its country’s budget for I.T. spending compared with 3% for India and 2.4% for the U.K. in 2002-2003 (Wagner et al., 2003). 

Worldwide Initiative for this technology part 2

More recent estimates indicate that e-Government specifically is becoming a big business in the twenty-first century. Amounting to over 1% of GDP in most industrialized nations, e.g. U.S. $28 billion annually in the United Kingdom (Margetts, 2006). ICT is a technology such as computers, software, peripherals and Internet connections infrastructure required to support information processing to execute applications and deliver services (Leahy & Yermis, 2003; Raji & Ayoade, 2006). Sesan (2001) defines ICT as the convergence of microelectronics, computing and telecommunications. And adds that it has become a global phenomenon of great importance and concern in all spheres of human endeavour. Such as – spanning across education, governance, business, market share, labour, productivity, culture, trade, commerce and others.

Castells (2000, p. 198) explains that a country sustains a developmental status when –

“It establishes as its principle of legitimacy its ability to promote and sustain development, understanding by development the combination of steady high rates of economic growth and structural change in the economic system both domestically and in its relationship to the international economy”.

Conclusion

Information has been playing a vital role in the present era. After creating the Internet, it is growing day by day, covering all the fields related to knowledge. As a result, it is now helpful for learners to gain information. This study helps us know about the importance of current and accurate information in one’s respected field and how it would be beneficial for their purposes. As a result, the Internet is now an important source for authoritative information and articles.

The Internet has become an important component in academic institutions as it plays a pivotal role in gathering information and communication needs of institutions and individuals. It has been finding out in the present study that the majority of students (92.30%) have good using internet exposure. The global communication system that connects millions of users is becoming hard to ignore. Internet is truly emerging as a powerful medium for obtaining information on a variety of subject published online. It is perhaps the most useful source for obtaining the latest information, which may otherwise still be a month away to appear in the print form. Internet, through its open standard, has set the foundation for global communication. So, it provides access to resources that millions of computer users enjoy today.

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